Duckbill Check Valves: Ensuring One-Way Fluid Flow in Water Treatment, Mining and Industrial Systems

Duckbill Check Valves: Ensuring One-Way Fluid Flow in Industrial Systems

Duckbill check valves, also known as rubber check valves or elastomer check valves, allow fluid to flow in one direction but close to prevent backflow when the fluid direction reverses. The bill of a duck inspires their design, hence the name "duckbill."


Duckbill check valves are constructed mainly from flexible materials like rubber or elastomers. The valve's shape resembles a duck's bill or a pipe tapering into a flattened or cylindrical end. This end is split into two halves lengthwise, forming the "lips" of the duckbill.

When pressurized from one side (the inlet side), the lips of the duckbill valve open to allow the fluid to flow through. When the pressure on the outlet side is higher or the flow ceases, the lips close to prevent backflow. The closing mechanism relies on the material's elasticity, which brings the lips back together when there's no differential pressure.

The simplicity of this design means there are no mechanical parts to maintain or fail over time, which contributes to the valve's durability and long lifespan.


Duckbill check valves have a wide range of applications, including:
  • Water and Wastewater Treatment: Duckbill valves are commonly used in water and wastewater treatment plants to prevent backflow, which ensures that treated water doesn't mix with untreated water.
  • Sewage Systems: They can be used in sewer systems to prevent the escape of unpleasant odors and stop pests from entering the system.
  • Stormwater and Flood Control: Stormwater drainage systems can prevent floodwaters from flowing back into the drainage system.
  • Industrial Process Lines: In various industrial processes where backflow must be prevented.
  • Mining: In mining operations, duckbill check valves are used to control the flow of materials.

In short, the duckbill check valve is a simple, robust, and effective solution for managing fluid flow in a system, particularly in applications where backflow prevention is essential.

Process Technology, Inc.